Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Synthesis and characterization of active biocarbon material for use in cosmetics and personal care products
Authors: Palsan S.A. 
Lim, J.Y. 
Nor Asfaliza, A. 
Keywords: Activation;Bicarbonate;Box-Behnken design;Iodine number;Organic material
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Journal: Key Engineering Materials 
Conference: 4th International Conference on Material Engineering and Application, ICMEA 2019 
Consumer’s preference towards organic material enriched nature based green products in the cosmetics and personal care industry have intensified over the years. This paper shares the synthesis and characterization of an active organic biocarbon material derived from carbonized powdered coconut shell by bicarbonate cured activation for use in charcoal-based cosmetic and personal care products. The optimum conditions for activation was observed at 800 oC, run for 180 min, with a bicarbonate impregnation ratio of 1:3. Experimental design followed Box-Behnken approach. The increase in iodine (757.30 mg/g) and methylene blue number (111.00 mg/g) are indicative of a highly porous biocarbon material that reflects its excellent adsorption capability. Suitability of the biocarbon material for application in charcoal-based cosmetic formulation mixture was supported through proximate, texture, and color analysis. Overall material characteristics are beneficial for effective adsorbent and exfoliant functions in cleansing, detoxifying, and scrubbing.
ISBN: 978-303571514-9
ISSN: 10139826
DOI: 10.4028/
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Agro - Based Industry - Proceedings

Show full item record

Google ScholarTM




Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.